NSW Government NSW Health
South Eastern Sydney Local Health District
nsw health

Royal Hospital for Women - Maternal-Fetal Medicine (The NSW Fetal Therapy Centre)


Sample Publications


  1. Welsh AW. Correspondence: Comprehension of power Doppler quantification and a missed opportunity for landmark research. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011; 37: 373-374.
  2. Balendran J, Champion D, Jaaniste T, Welsh AW. A common sleep disorder in pregnancy: Restless legs syndrome and its predictors. JANZCOG 2011. 51:262-64 (03 June 2011).
  3. Reid R, Susic D, Pathirani S, Tracy T, Welsh AW. The Ethics of Obtaining Consent in Labour for Research. JANZCOG 2011. 51:485-92 (21 September 2011).
  4. Meriki N, Izurieta A, Welsh A. The fetal left modified myocardial performance index (Mod-MPI): Technical refinements in obtaining the pulsed Doppler waveform. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol.  In Press 2011.
  5. Meriki N, Izurieta A, Welsh A. Demonstration of reproducibility of constituent time intervals of both right and left fetal modified MPI using pulsed Doppler echocardiography: a short report. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. In Press 2011.
  6. Hartz D, White J, Lainchbury KA, Gunn H, Jarman H, Welsh AW, Challis D, Green G, Walters W, Tracy SK. Australian Maternity Reform Through Clinical Redesign. Australian Health Review. In Press 2011.
  7. Martins WP, Welsh AW, Lima JC, Nastri CO, Raine-Fenning NJ. The “volumetric pulsatility index” as evaluated by spatio-temporal imaging correlation (STIC): a preliminary description of a novel technique, its application to the endometrium and an evaluation of its reproducibility. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology 2011. 37: 2160-8 (04 Oct 2011).
  8. Collins SL, Stevenson GN, Noble JA, Impey L, Welsh AW. Influence of power Doppler gain setting on Virtual Organ Computer Analysis (VOCAL) indices: The importance of using the sub-bloom gain (SBG) level to optimise flow information. In Press Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2011. (18 October 2011).
  9. Andrade EH, Serralde J.A B, Rogelio Cruz-Martinez, Alec Welsh. Functional fetal cardiology with Pulsed-Wave Doppler: E/A ratios, outflow tracts and Myocardial Performance Index. In Press Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 2011.
  10. Meriki N, Welsh AW.  Development of Australian reference ranges for the left fetal modified myocardial performance index (Mod- MPI) and the influence of caliper location on valve click measurements. In Press Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 2011.
  11. Meriki N, Welsh AW. Correspondence: Technical considerations regarding valvular morphology for measurement of the fetal Mod-MPI. In Press Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 2011.
  12. Sally K Tracy, Donna Hartz, Bev Hall, Jyai Allen, Amanda Forti, Anne Lainchbury, Jan White, Alec Welsh, Mark Tracy and Sue Kildea. A randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery care: M@NGO (Midwives @ New Group practice Options). BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2011. 11:82 (26 October 2011).
  13. Schindler T, Heck S, Smyth J, Lui K, Meriki N, Welsh AW. Evaluation of neonatal intracerebral blood flow using power Doppler and the index of fractional moving blood volume. Neonatology 2012. 101:254-259 (21 Oct 2011).
  14. Martins W, Welsh AW. Three-dimensional Doppler evaluation of single spherical samples from placenta: Intra- and inter-observer reliability. In Press Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011.
  15. Welsh AW, Hou M.  Four-dimensional STIC / Volumetric Doppler impedance indices from spherical samples of the placenta: intra-observer reliability study and correlation with conventional umbilical artery Doppler indices.  In Press Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011.
  16. Welsh AW, Collins S, Stevenson G, Impey L, Noble J. Inapplicability of the Fractional Moving Blood Volume (FMBV) technique to standardise VOCAL indices for quantified power Doppler. In Press Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2011.


  1. Meriki N, Smoleniec J, Challis D, Welsh AW. Immediate outcome of twin-twin transfusion syndrome following selective laser photocoagulation of communicating vessels at the NSW Fetal Therapy Centre. JANZCOG 2010; 50: 112-119.
  2. Lai PK, Wang A, Welsh AW. Reproducibility of regional placental vascularity / perfusion measurement using 3D power Doppler. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010; 36: 202-209.
  3. Welsh AW. The questionable value of VOCAL indices of perfusion (letter). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010; 36: 126-7.
  4. Lai PK, Wang A, Welsh AW. Analysis and acquisition reproducibility of 3D power Doppler (Correspondence Reply). Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2010; 36: 393-394.