Skin Penetration

Skin penetration includes activities that involve the deliberate penetration or removal of skin, such as tattooing, piercing, waxing and nail art.  Environmental health officers of the Public Health Unit investigate complaints of inadequate infection control practices by skin penetration operators, as well as notification of newly acquired blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis B and C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to determine if exposure is related to skin penetration activities  

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Research and reports 

S A Flanigan, T J Cains, L N McIndoe, M J Ferson, An audit assessing regulatory compliance of businesses that perform colonic lavage. Public Health Research & Practice, July 2022.

L Blundell, T Cains. K Ressler, M Ferson Compliance with sharps waste standards by a sample of Sydney acupuncture premises, NSW Public Health Bulletin, September 2011 22(7-8): 149-153. 


Contact us 

To contact the Environmental Health team for more information about the issues around skin penetration, please email us or phone (02) 9382 8333 during business hours.